South America is the fourth largest continent on planet Earth, and its inhabitants account for about six percent of the world's population. The Cordillera mountain ranges, known here as the Andes, continue along the eastern side of the Pacific coast between the northern and southern extremities of South America. Lowlands, including the huge Amazon basin and fertile Pampas plains, extend eastward from the foothills of the Andes. Much of northern South America has a tropical climate, while the southern latitudes are affected by the polar Antarctic climate. Between these extremes lie the cool and temperate Patagonian regions.
Authored by seh. Last updated 2014-10-26 12:58:09.
South America was initially settled by Asians who crossed the Bering Strait approximately 4,000 to 5,000 years ago. They migrated southwards, reaching South America via the Isthmus of Panama.
Chocolate is a food made that is from the beans of cocoa trees. Learn about the two species of cocoa trees are native to Central America and the Amazon River basin in South America.
Cattleya orchids come in 113 different varieties; they are native to Costa Rica and the rain forests of South America. These orchids are easy to care for, but they require a lot of humidity and indirect sunlight.
A fungal pathogen which has led to the extinction of entire species in South America has been recorded for the first time in critically endangered amphibians in India.
Science Daily. Wed, 13 Jun 2018 11:37:12 EDT.
Buccaneers are running amok in the Caribbean and Latin America, according to a disturbing new report that found a staggering surge in pirate attacks last year.
Daily Mail. Fri, 25 May 2018 21:41:28 +0100.
South America Bibliography
Heyerdahl, Thor. The Kon-Tiki Expedition. Chicago, IL. Rand McNally. 1968.